Uchiyama et al. emphasize that culture evolves directionally and differentially as a function of selective pressures in different populations. Extending these principles to the level of families, lineages, and individuals exposes additional challenges to estimating heritability. Cultural traits expressed differentially as a function of the genetics whose influence they mask or unmask render inseparable the influences of culture and genetics.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Partial support is given by the Templeton Foundation (MWF and YR); US Israel Binational Science Foundation, BSF (OK); and Israel Science Foundation, ISF (OK: 1826/20; YR: 552/19; AL: 1126/19).
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press.