Differential effects of trauma on spouses of traumatized households

Ahmad M. Baker*, Nadera S. Kevorkian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The responses of 60 households subjected to varying degrees of traumatic events were examined. Specific attention was given to the differential effect that traumatic events have on spouses, especially in terms of general anxiety, state anxiety, trait anxiety, depression, and other symptoms related to trauma. The findings showed that degree of traumatization was proportional to number and intensity of stress related symptoms. Mothers, however, manifested depression and anxiety levels twice as high as fathers. The validity of these results was discussed in terms of cultural beliefs and practices.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • anxiety
  • differential effects
  • traumatized households


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