Differential release of histamine and prostaglandin D2 in rat peritoneal mast cells activated with peptides

Francesca Levi-Schaffer*, Meir Shatitb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rat peritoneal mast cells co-cultured with mouse 3T3 fibroblasts (MC/3T3) are fully responsive to immunologic stimuli. To assess their nonimmunologic activation MC/3T3 were challenged with various peptides. Optimal concentrations of substance P(10-4 M) and bradykinin (5 × 10-5 M) induced histamine release of 58.2 ± 9.3 and 66.8±6.6%, respectively, while neurotensin (10-4 M) released only 16.6±3.7% histamine. Freshly isolated mast cells (F-MC) challenged with the same concentrations of peptides released lower percentages of histamine (substance P 45.6 ± 5.1%, bradykinin 32.5 ± 5.3%, neurotensin 11.3 ±6.0%). In both MC/3T3 and F-MC, only minute amounts of prostaglandin D2(PGD2) were produced. In contrast, activation with anti-IgE antibodies and compound 48/80 caused both histamine release and PGD2 generation. Compound 48/80-stimulated MC/3T3 and F-MC released 80.2±3.4 and 51.8±6.2% histamine, respectively, and produced 15.4 ± 2.8 ng/106 mast cells and 3.9 ± 1.4 ng/106 mast cells PGD2, respectively. These findings indicate that peptides and bradykinin induce selective release of histamine with no PGD2 production in both F-MC and MC/3T3. Moreover, MC/3T3 preserve their functional characteristics of connective tissue mast cells since they are fully responsive to these peptides as F-MC.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)352-357
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

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