Differentiating Right-Wing Extremism from Potential for Violent Extremism: The Role of Criminogenic Exposure

Gali Perry*, Per Olof H. Wikström, Gabriela D. Roman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Situational Action Theory of crime submits that law-related morality, the ability to exercise self-control, and exposure to criminogenic settings are key predictors of both regular criminality and violent extremism. Indeed, morality and self-control were found to be significantly correlated with violent extremism, and especially right-wing inspired violence. However, while the effect of criminogenic exposure on crime has been established, its effect on violent extremism remains to be examined. Moreover, it is unclear whether morality, self-control and exposure can predict not only violent, but also non-violent extremism. The current study addresses the recent call to differentiate extremism from violent extremism, by examining how morality, self-control and criminogenic exposure affect both outcomes. To do so, we utilize a random sample of 684 young adults (age 19, 50.1% female) in Peterborough, UK. We find that exposure to criminogenic settings is a key factor in understanding the potential for violent extremism, and suggest pathways for further investigation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)103-113
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Sciences
Volume12
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Situational Action Theory
  • criminal pathways
  • political violence
  • right-wing extremism

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