Canine filarioids are zoonotic vector-borne parasitic nematodes distributed mostly in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, distribution, etiology and genetic variation of canine filarioid infections by three different PCR techniques in four Southern Romanian counties. Blood samples of 300 shelter dogs were screened for infections with canine filarioids by real-time PCR. To determine filarioid species and coinfections, samples positive in the initial screening were further tested by conventional PCR and sequenced. Results indicated that 17% of the tested dogs were positive for at least one filarioid species. The prevalence of D. repens infection was 11.7%, significantly higher than that of D. immitis (4.7%) and A. reconditum (1.3%) (p ≤ 0.003). The high prevalence of canine filarioid infections represents a challenge to animal and human health in the South of Romania, and they should be constantly monitored.
|Original language||American English|
|Journal||Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - May 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by funding from Prof. Gad Baneth laboratory at the Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University , Israel.
This study was supported by funding from Prof. Gad Baneth laboratory at the Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University, Israel.
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
- Acanthocheilonema reconditum
- Canine filariasis
- Dirofilaria immitis
- Dirofilaria repens