We identify the key property that the exchange-correlation (XC) kernel of time-dependent density-functional theory must have in order to describe long-range charge-transfer excitations. We show that the discontinuity of the XC potential as a function of particle number induces a space- and frequency-dependent discontinuity of the XC kernel that diverges as r→. In a combined donor-acceptor system, the same discontinuity compensates for the vanishing overlap between the acceptor and donor orbitals, thereby yielding a finite correction to the Kohn-Sham eigenvalue differences. This mechanism is illustrated to first order in the Coulomb interaction.
|Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
|Published - 29 Feb 2012