Question answering models commonly have access to two sources of “knowledge” during inference time: (1) parametric knowledge -the factual knowledge encoded in the model weights, and (2) contextual knowledge - external knowledge (e.g., a Wikipedia passage) given to the model to generate a grounded answer. Having these two sources of knowledge entangled together is a core issue for generative QA models as it is unclear whether the answer stems from the given non-parametric knowledge or not. This unclarity has implications on issues of trust, interpretability and factuality. In this work, we propose a new paradigm in which QA models are trained to disentangle the two sources of knowledge. Using counterfactual data augmentation, we introduce a model that predicts two answers for a given question: one based on given contextual knowledge and one based on parametric knowledge. Our experiments on the Natural Questions dataset show that this approach improves the performance of QA models by making them more robust to knowledge conflicts between the two knowledge sources, while generating useful disentangled answers.
|Original language||American English|
|Title of host publication||Long Papers|
|Publisher||Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)|
|Number of pages||15|
|State||Published - 2023|
|Event||61st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2023 - Toronto, Canada|
Duration: 9 Jul 2023 → 14 Jul 2023
|Name||Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics|
|Conference||61st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2023|
|Period||9/07/23 → 14/07/23|
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© 2023 Association for Computational Linguistics.