Dispersion effects in Robust-design experiments with noise factors

David M. Steinberg*, Dizza Bursztyn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Robust-design experiments can be a very useful tool for improving quality. They enable engineers to reduce the variance of important quality characteristics by identifying design factors with dispersion effects and guiding the choice of nominal levels of those factors. Robust-design experiments are especially effective when it is possible to build some variation directly into the experiment by including noise factors - factors that are impossible or too expensive to control during actual production or use. When noise factors are included, it is important to model their effects explicitly in the subsequent analysis. We present two examples in which failure to do so leads to incorrect conclusions about dispersion effects.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Quality Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


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