Dispositional Resistance to Change: Measurement Equivalence and the Link to Personal Values Across 17 Nations

Shaul Oreg*, Mahmut Bayazit, Maria Vakola, Luis Arciniega, Achilles Armenakis, Rasa Barkauskiene, Nikos Bozionelos, Yuka Fujimoto, Luis González, Jian Han, Martina Hřebíĉková, Nerina Jimmieson, Jana Kordaĉová, Hitoshi Mitsuhashi, Boris Mlaĉić, Ivana Ferić, Marina Kotrla Topić, Sandra Ohly, Per Øystein Saksvik, Hilde HetlandIngvild Saksvik, Karen van Dam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


The concept of dispositional resistance to change has been introduced in a series of exploratory and confirmatory analyses through which the validity of the Resistance to Change (RTC) Scale has been established (S. Oreg, 2003). However, the vast majority of participants with whom the scale was validated were from the United States. The purpose of the present work was to examine the meaningfulness of the construct and the validity of the scale across nations. Measurement equivalence analyses of data from 17 countries, representing 13 languages and 4 continents, confirmed the cross-national validity of the scale. Equivalent patterns of relationships between personal values and RTC across samples extend the nomological net of the construct and provide further evidence that dispositional resistance to change holds equivalent meanings across nations.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)935-944
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • measurement equivalence
  • personal values
  • resistance to change
  • scale validation


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