Disseminated visceral fusariosis treated with amphotericin b-phospholipid complex

D. Engelhard*, A. Eldor, I. Polacheck, I. Hardan, D. Ben-yehuda, S. Amselem, I. F. Salkin, G. Lopez-berestein, T. Sacks, E. A. Rachmilewitz, Y. Barenholz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Fusariosis, a rare infectious disease of the immunocompromised host, is relatively resistant to amphotericin B (AmB) or other antifungal agents. We describe a 5-year follow-up of a 40 year old woman with T-type acute lymphoblastic leukemia who following chemotherapy developed prolonged high fever, chills, night sweats, and severe weakness. Liver function tests were impaired and abdominal computerized tomography (CT) showed multiple lesions in the liver and abnormal structure of the spleen. A laparotomy revealed multiple granulomas containing Fusarium sp. in the liver, and the spleen was heavily infiltrated by the same fungus. The patient failed to respond to the conventional AmB dosage form (Fungizone) even after a total dose of 3.0 g was given, and developed significant renal impairment. AmB was complexed (in a mole ratio of 1:16) with a mixture of the phospholipids dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine and dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (mixed in 7:3 mole ratio). The resulting drug complex, AmB-PLC, was then administered (1-4mg/kg/day, total dose 4.2 g) and subsequently the patient was cured of all symptoms of fusariosis. There were only mild side effects and no nephrotoxicity was evident. On the contrary, marked improvement of the renal function tests occurred during AmB-PLC treatment. Eight months later, she developed a spinal lesion with dense consistency in L5 and S1, and after receiving another course of AmB-PLC (3.1 g) she recovered completely. In a 2 year follow-up period the patient had no further relapse of the fungal disease. Subsequent chemotheraphy given for relapse of the leukemia was followed by a new fungal infection, which was treated with AmB-cholesteryl sulfate complex (AmphocilTM)* The patient received 13.0 g Amb as Amphocil and fully recovered from the fungal infection. This case report suggests that when Fungizone is nephrotoxic and does not permit efficacious antifungal treatment, AmB complexed with suitable lipids may be safe efficacious therapy.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)385-392
Number of pages8
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Amphotericin B
  • Amphotericin B-lipid complex
  • Antifungal
  • Fungal infection
  • Fusariosis
  • Fusarium


Dive into the research topics of 'Disseminated visceral fusariosis treated with amphotericin b-phospholipid complex'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this