Dissociative recombination and low-energy inelastic electron collisions of the helium dimer ion

H. B. Pedersen*, H. Buhr, S. Altevogt, V. Andrianarijaona, H. Kreckel, L. Lammich, N. De Ruette, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, D. Schwalm, D. Strasser, X. Urbain, D. Zajfman, A. Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The dissociative recombination (DR) of He3 He+4 has been investigated at the heavy-ion Test Storage Ring (TSR) in Heidelberg by observing neutral products from electron-ion collisions in a merged beams configuration at relative energies from near-zero (thermal electron energy about 10 meV) up to 40 eV. After storage and electron cooling for 35 s, an effective DR rate coefficient at near-zero energy of 3 10 rquote 9 cm3 rquote 1 is found. The temporal evolution of the neutral product rates and fragment imaging spectra reveals that the populations of vibrational levels in the stored ion beam are nonthermal with fractions of bc0.1 ldblquote 1 in excited levels up to at least v=4, having a significant effect on the observed DR signals. With a pump-probe-type technique using DR fragment imaging while switching the properties of the electron beam, the vibrational excitation of the ions is found to originate mostly from ion collisions with the residual gas. Also, the temporal evolution of the DR signals suggests that a strong electron induced rotational cooling occurs in the vibrational ground state, reaching a rotational temperature near or below 300 K. From the absolute rate coefficient and the shape of the fragment imaging spectrum observed under stationary conditions, the DR rate coefficient from the vibrational ground state is determined; converted to a thermal electron gas at 300 K it amounts to (3.3 b10.9)10 rquote 10 cm3 rquote 1. The corresponding branching ratios from v=0 to the atomic final states are found to be (3.7 b11.2) for 1s2s S3,(37.4 b14.0) for 1s2s S1,(58.6 b15.2) for 1s2p P3, and (2.9 'b13.0) for 1s2p P1. A DR rate coefficient in the range of 'c3 10 rquote 7 cm3 rquote 1 or above is inferred for vibrational levels v=3 and higher. As a function of the collision energy, the measured DR rate coefficient displays a structure around 0.2 eV. At higher energies, it has one smooth peak around 7.3 eV and a highly structured appearance at 15 ldblquote 40 eV. The small size of the observed effective DR rate coefficient at near-zero energy indicates that the electron induced rotational cooling is due to inelastic electron-ion collisions and not due to selective depletion of rotational levels by DR.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number012712
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

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