Distribution, evolution, and morphology of caves in southwestern Samaria, Israel

Itay Fischhendler*, Amos Frumkin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Karst has a significant role in the morphology of the Judean-Samarian mountains and may be associated with potential risk to groundwater pollution. Despite this, there is little knowledge of the pattern of karst in Samaria and its origin. The purpose of this research is to characterize the karst distribution and origin within southern Samaria. A karst survey was performed in a 25 km2 area, in which all the cavities above a volume of 5 m3 were mapped. In most formations in the Judea Group cavities appear in clusters. Each cluster consists of a big cavity and several other smaller ones. The distribution and intensity of cavities is partially explained by the percentage of insoluble residue in the different formations. Most cavities are small, isolated chambers characterized by limited vertical and horizontal development. The morphology of most cavities indicates that they were formed under shallow phreatic conditions, likely before the last major uplift of the backbone of central Israel.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)311-322
Number of pages12
JournalIsrael Journal of Earth Sciences
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Distribution, evolution, and morphology of caves in southwestern Samaria, Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this