Diversity of fungi isolated from three temperate ascidians

Susanna López-Legentil*, Patrick M. Erwin, Marta Turon, Oded Yarden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ascidians are known to harbor diverse and host-specific bacterial and archaeal communities in their tunic. However, to date, only one ascidian species has been investigated to assess symbiotic relationships with fungi and the extent of their diversity. In this study, we isolated and identified 37 strains of fungi in association with three common ascidian species in the NW Mediterranean Sea: Cystodytes dellechiajei, Didemnum fulgens, and Pycnoclavella communis, and 15 additional strains from concentrated seawater samples collected around the animals. Most of the isolated fungi were classified within four orders: Eurotiales (predominantly Penicillium spp.), Pleosporales, Hypocreales (predominantly Trichoderma spp.), and Capnodiales (Cladosporium spp.). Three additional fungal isolates from C. dellechiajei and D. fulgens belonged to the orders Helotiales, Phylachorales and Microascales, and matched to well-known plant and human pathogens (Botrytis cinerea, Plectosphaerella cucumerina and Scopulariopsis brevicaulis). Host-specificity of ascidian-associated fungi was not apparent and thus the significance of ascidian-fungal associations for ascidian wellbeing and their possible ecological roles remain unknown.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalSymbiosis
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Sep 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Keywords

  • Fungus
  • ITS
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Pathogens
  • Sea-squirt
  • Tunicata

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