Does ultrasound guidance during dilation and curettage for first trimester missed abortion reduce complication rates?

Adiel Cohen, Gilad Karavani, Amit Zamir, Ayalon Hadar, Henry H. Chill, Avraham Zini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dilation and curettage (D&C) may be performed with or without transabdominal ultrasound guidance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the use of ultrasound guidance during D&C for first trimester missed abortion (MA) and D&C related complication rates. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study included women in the age of 20-45 years, who underwent D&C for first-trimester MA in a hospital-based setting between 2013-2019. The study population was divided into two groups: the study group which included women who underwent D&C with ultrasound guidance (US group) and the control group, which included women who underwent D&C without ultrasound guidance (N-US group). Gynecologic, obstetric, and operative related data were collected from electronic medical records. RESULTS: Three-hundred and seventy-eight women were included in the study, 86 women in the US group and 292 women in N-US group. Baseline maternal characteristics and procedure-related characteristics did not differ between the groups. No significant difference between the US group and N-US group was shown when comparing D&C related complications, including retained products of conception rate (2.3% vs. 5.5%, respectively; P=0.385), uterine perforation rate (1.2% vs. 0.3%, respectively; P=0.404), and the total complication rate (8.1% vs. 12.3%, respectively; P=0.338). In a multivariate analysis, the use of ultrasound guidance during D&C was not found to be associated with lower complication rate (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.468 [0.578-3.729], P=0.419). CONCLUSIONS: Performance of D&C under ultrasound guidance for first-trimester MA, in a hospital-based setting, was not associated with lower complication rate, suggesting that the common practice of performing D&C without the use of ultrasound is an acceptable approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-243
Number of pages6
JournalMinerva Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2024

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