Dose-adjusted EPOCH-R is not superior to sequential R-CHOP/R-ICE as a frontline treatment for newly diagnosed primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma: Results of a bi-center retrospective study

Yael Morgenstern, Shlomzion Aumann, Neta Goldschmidt, Moshe E. Gatt, Boaz Nachmias, Netanel A. Horowitz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a rare subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Despite its aggressive course, PMBCL is considered curable. While in recent years dose-adjusted (DA) EPOCH-R (rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin) has become widely endorsed as first-line therapy for newly-diagnosed PMBCL, the optimal treatment for this disease and the role of radiotherapy (RT) remains unclear. DA-EPOCH-R provides good clinical outcomes, albeit is associated with short- and long-term toxicity. To address this issue, the current retrospective bi-icenter analysis compared efficacy and toxicity of DA-EPOCH-R and a less toxic R-CHOP/R-ICE regimen used for the treatment of newly-diagnosed PMBCL. Patients and Methods: The study included all patients with a histologically confirmed PMBCL diagnosis treated with DA-EPOCH-R or R-CHOP/R-ICE between 01/2013-12/2020 at two tertiary medical centers. Patient demographic and clinical data were derived from institutional electronic medical records. The analysis included 56 patients: 31 received DA-EPOCH-R and 25 – R-CHOP/R-ICE. Results: At a median follow-up of 1.9 years (IQR 3.1 years), similar progression-free survival (2.1 versus 2.4 years; p = 0.7667), overall survival (2.5 versus 2.7 years; p = 0.8047) and complete response (80%) were observed in both groups. However, DA-EPOCH-R was associated with significantly longer hospitalization required for its administration (p < 0.001) and a trend for higher frequency of infections, stomatitis, thrombotic complications and febrile neutropenia-related hospitalizations. Conclusion: DA-EPOCH-R and R-CHOP/R-ICE provide similarly encouraging outcomes in newly-diagnosed PMBCL patients. R-CHOP/R-ICE is associated with lower toxicity and significantly reduced hospitalization. Our findings suggest that this regimen may be considered as an alternative to DA-EPOCH-R in this patient population.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8866-8875
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Medicine
Volume10
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • DA-EPOCH-R
  • Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL)
  • R-CHOP/R-ICE
  • radiation therapy (RT)

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