Durability of the First Biologic in Patients with Crohn’s Disease: A Nationwide Study from the epi-IIRN

Ohad Atia, Chagit Friss, Gili Focht, Ramit Magen Rimon, Natan Ledderman, Shira Greenfeld, Amir Ben-Tov, Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Eran Matz, Yuri Gorelik, Yehuda Chowers, Iris Dotan, Dan Turner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In this nationwide study we aimed to compare the durability of the first initiated biologic in Crohn’s disease [CD], stratified by monotherapy and combotherapy. Methods: We used data from the epi-IIRN cohort, which includes 98% of the Israeli inflammatory bowel disease population [2005–2020]. Durability was defined as consistent treatment without surgery or added medications [except for combination therapy with thiopurines or methotrexate]. All comparisons were based on stringent propensity-score matching and paired time-to-event analyses. Results: A total of 19 264 patients with CD were included, of whom 7452 [39%] received biologics with a median follow-up of 6.8 years (interquartile range [IQR] 3.6–10.7). Time to biologics decreased gradually from 6.7 years [IQR 2.7–10.4] in 2005 to 0.2 years [0.07–0.23] in 2020. The durability of the first biologic after 1 and 3 years was higher with adalimumab monotherapy [88%/61%] than vedolizumab monotherapy [81%/59%; n = 394 matched patients, p = 0.04] and similar between infliximab monotherapy and vedolizumab monotherapy [65%/43%; n = 182 matched patients, p = 0.1]. Durability was higher in adalimumab monotherapy vs infliximab monotherapy [83%/62% vs 71%/48% at 1/3 years; p <0.001] and it was similar in adalimumab monotherapy vs infliximab combotherapy [87%/63% vs 80%/58%, respectively; p = 0.1]. Durability was higher in combotherapy compared with monotherapy for both infliximab [85%/64% vs 67%/43%, respectively; n = 496 matched pairs, p <0.001], and adalimumab [93%/76% vs 82%/62%, respectively; n = 540 matched pairs, p <0.001]. Conclusion: Durability of the first biologic in CD was highest for adalimumab monotherapy. Combotherapy further increased the durability of adalimumab and infliximab. Unless otherwise indicated, our data may support using anti-tumour necrosis factors [TNFs] as first-line biologics in CD, particularly adalimumab if monotherapy is advised.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

Keywords

  • Crohn’s disease
  • adalimumab
  • durability
  • infliximab
  • vedolizumab

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