Dynamic relationship between the sea and the aquifer

Elad Levanon, Eyal Shalev, Imri Oz, Haim Gvirtzman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The dynamics of sea–aquifer relationship can be studied at different time scales,
including short time daily scale of tides, seasonal (winter–summer) scale, trends
throughout years or decades (mainly due to pumping or base-level changes—e.g., the Dead Sea (DS) case), and long-term trends, such as sea-level fluctuations due to climate changes. Fresh–saline water interface (hereafter FSI) in coastal aquifers results from the density difference between freshwater originating from rain and saline water intruding from sea. The seawater mixes with freshwater, creating a wide brackish transition zone (Lee and Cheng 1974). The following chapter deals with the dynamic relationship between two coastal aquifers and their adjacent water bodies, namely the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe Many Facets of Israel's Hydrogeology
EditorsUri Kafri, Yoseph Yechieli
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-51148-7
ISBN (Print) 978-3-030-51147-0
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameSpringer Hydrology
PublisherSpringer Nature
ISSN (Print)2364-6454
ISSN (Electronic)2364-6462


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