Dynamical Transitions from Slow to Fast Relaxation in Random Open Quantum Systems

Dror Orgad, Vadim Oganesyan, Sarang Gopalakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We explore the effects of spatial locality on the dynamics of random quantum systems subject to a Markovian noise. To this end, we study a model in which the system Hamiltonian and its couplings to the noise are random matrices whose entries decay as power laws of distance, with distinct exponents αH, αL. The steady state is always featureless, but the rate at which it is approached exhibits three phases depending on αH and αL: a phase where the approach is asymptotically exponential as a result of a gap in the spectrum of the Lindblad superoperator that generates the dynamics, and two gapless phases with subexponential relaxation, distinguished by the manner in which the gap decreases with system size. Within perturbation theory, the phase boundaries in the (αH,αL) plane differ for weak and strong decoherence, suggesting phase transitions as a function of noise strength. We identify nonperturbative effects that prevent such phase transitions in the thermodynamic limit.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number040403
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume132
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

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© 2024 American Physical Society.

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