Early hydrocephalus in Listeria meningitis: Case report and review of the literature

B. Nachmias*, E. Orenbuch-Harroch, C. Makranz, H. Nechusthan, R. Eliahou, D. Ben-Yehuda, A. Lossos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacterium with a predilection to infect the central nervous system, often affecting immunocompromised or elderly patients. The most common manifestations are meningitis and rhomboencephalitis. We report two cases of Listeria meningitis complicated by acute hydrocephalus several days after presentation and we further review the literature of similar cases. We conclude that acute hydrocephalus is a significant, not often recognized, complication of Listeria meningitis, usually occurring several days from onset when coverage did not include anti-Listeria antimicrobials. In high risk patients, meningitis combined with acute hydrocephalus is suggestive of LM infection.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere00455
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

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  • Hydrocephalus
  • Listeria monocytogenes meningitis


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