Economic neutrality during the cold war: The world bank, the United States, and Pinochet’s Chile, 1973–1977

Claudia Kedar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper reconstructs the unknown Chile-World Bank interactions during the formative years of Pinochet’s dictatorship (1973–1977). Prevalent understandings of the WB portray it as a loyal Washington ally. However, new evidence from the WB Archives and additional documents reveal that US efforts to make lending contingent on human rights considerations, thereby forcing the Bank to abandon its so-called economic neutrality, were only partially effective. Pinochet’s case provides a new prism to examine the cold war in Latin America and the Bank’s use of its ‘neutrality’ as a means to reach increasing autonomy from its strongest member states, mainly the United States.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)149-167
Number of pages19
JournalCold War History
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Augusto Pinochet
  • Chile
  • Cold war
  • Economic neutrality
  • World Bank

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