Effect of enhanced pollination on economic properties of self-compatible loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.)

Reut Nyska, Sharoni Shafir, Martin Goldway, Doron Schneider*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), a member of the Rosaceae, carries the RNase-dependent gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) fertilization system. However, some cultivars, including the Israeli 'Yehuda' and 'Akko 1', are self-compatible (SC). Since SC cultivars are not dependent on pollen donors, they are usually planted in 'solid blocks'. Nevertheless, in some SC Rosaceae species, such as apricot, cherry and almond, enhanced self- or cross-pollination increases fruit set. To determine whether enhanced pollination can improve 'Yehuda' and 'Akko 1' fruit set and fruit size relative to spontaneous self-pollination, the impact of introducing honey bees and the effect of cross-pollination were examined. We found that honey bees are highly attracted to 'Yehuda' and 'Akko 1' flowers, and fruit size in both cultivars was positively correlated with the number of seeds per fruit. In a net-caged tree experiment, fruit set of 'Yehuda' and 'Akko 1' benefited from the presence of honey bees. However, fruit set was also relatively high for the caged trees without honey bees which underwent spontaneous self-pollination, and commercial fruit thinning was required for all treatments. For both cultivars, seed set after spontaneous self-pollination was the same as for self-pollination in the presence of honey bees. The impact of cross-pollination between different cultivars moderately increased 'Yehuda' fruit set and 'Akko 1' seed set. Taken together, the results suggest that spontaneous self-pollination meets the pollination requirements for the SC loquat cultivars 'Yehuda' and 'Akko 1', and that the presence of pollen donors and/or honey bees confers a minor commercial advantage.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)248-254
Number of pages7
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Volume176
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Cross-pollination
  • Fruit set
  • Honey bee
  • Seed set
  • Spontaneous self-pollination

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of enhanced pollination on economic properties of self-compatible loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this