Effectiveness of a tele-rehabilitation intervention to improve performance and reduce morbidity for people post hip fracture - Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Yafit Gilboa*, Talia Maeir, Sharon Karni, Michal E. Eisenberg, Meir Liebergall, Isabella Schwartz, Yakir Kaufman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Most surviving hip-fracture patients experience reduced mobility and lose some of their functional ability, which increases the risk of complications and rehospitalization. Post-discharge transitional programs to reduce readmissions and disabilities have shown some success. Telerehabilitation refers to the use of technologies to provide rehabilitation services to people in their homes. Considering the need for long-term follow-up care for people with hip fracture, in-home telerehabilitation could increase independence, decrease hospital stays and reduce the burden for caregivers. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention program based on telerehabilitation on activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life (QOL), depression and burden on caregivers compared to face-to-face home visits and usual care of community-dwelling older adults after hip fracture. Methods/design: This will be a three-armed randomized control trial (RCT) including pre/post intervention and follow-up. The trial will include 90 older people with hip fractures who will be randomly assigned to a telerehabilitation group (N = 30), face-to-face visits (N = 30) and a control group. The aim of the intervention is to improve the transition from rehabilitation units to community dwelling. It will include 10 videoconferencing/ face-to-face sessions from an occupational therapist in the presence of the primary caregiver. Each session will be utilized to guide the participants to achieve their self-identified goals, focusing on problem-solving for daily life situations and on the ability to implement the discussed strategies for a variety of activities. Outcome measures include Functional Independence Measure (FIM) for evaluation of ADL, SF-12 for evaluation of Health-related QOL, The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and The Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. Data will be analyzed using Repeated measures MANOVA. Discussion: The current study will enable the cost-effectiveness examination of a suggested rehabilitation service based on available technology. The proposed intervention will increase accessibility of in-home rehabilitation services, improve function and health, and reduce economic burden. Trial registration: NCT03376750 (12/15/2017).

Original languageAmerican English
Article number135
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Community dwelling
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Elderly
  • Hip fracture
  • In-home rehabilitation
  • Occupational therapy
  • Problem-solving
  • Tele-rehabilitation
  • Transition

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