Effects of eosinophils on mast cells: A new pathway for the perpetuation of allergic inflammation

Adrian M. Piliponsky, Gerald J. Gleich, Ilan Bar, Francesca Levi-Schaffer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mast cells have a clear-cut pathologic role in allergy, participating in a number of chronic inflammatory conditions, in helmintic parasitosis, and in some solid tumor reactions, but also in physiological situations, such as wound healing and innate immunity. Mast cells release a large number of proinflammatory, immunoregulatory, and tissue regulatory mediators after activation induced by either IgE-dependent or IgE-independent mechanisms. While much information has been gathered on the immunological mast cell activation both in rodent and human systems, only minimal knowledge exists on the non-immunological activation especially in human mast cells. Mast cell IgE-independent activation occurs through Gi3α which has been identified as the pertussis toxin (Ptx)-sensitive heterotrimeric G protein that interacts with cationic secretagogues inducing PLC-independent mast cell exocytosis. Mast cell IgE-independent activation in allergy probably occurs when mast cells encounter eosinophils, the main inflammatory cells of the allergic reactions that persist throughout the late phase and when the inflammatory condition becomes chronic. This review summarizes regarding the influence of eosinophils on mast cell activation, thus demonstrating that IgE-independent activation has a relevant role in pathophysiological processes as well as in mast cell IgE-dependent activation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1369-1372
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume38
Issue number16-18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Allergic inflammation
  • Eosinophils
  • Mast cells

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