Effects of the Superoxide Dismutase-Mimic Compound TEMPOL on Oxidant Stress-Mediated Endothelial Dysfunction

Abdullah I. Haj-Yehia*, Taker Nassar, Peter Assaf, Hisham Nassar, Erik E. Änggård

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oxidant stress on endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent arterial relaxation. For this, oxidant stress was generated by preincubation of rat aortic rings (RARs) in either 25 mM glucose (mimicking hyperglycemic stress) or 0.5 mM pyrogallol (a superoxide generator) and the effects of the superoxide dismutase (SOD)-mimetic compound 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyloxy free radical (TEMPOL) on the vasorelaxant and cGMP-producing effects of acetylcholine (ACh) and glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) in control RARs and RARs exposed to oxidant stress were examined. Pyrogallol, and to a lesser extent high glucose concentration, enhanced the contractile response of RARs to phenylephrine and markedly inhibited the vasorelaxant response to ACh. Although they existed, the inhibitory effects of high glucose and pyrogallol on the vasorelaxant response to GTN were less profound, especially with pyrogallol. Moreover, both pyrogallol and high glucose concentration inhibited the basal and the ACh-induced vascular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production. Treatment with TEMPOL (1-5 mM) slightly increased the ACh and GTN-induced cGMP levels in control RARs but had a significant effect in high glucose and pyrogallol-pretreated RARs. Additionally, concomitant treatment of RARs with TEMPOL (5 mM) abolished the difference in the relaxation response between control RARs and RARs exposed to either pyrogallol or high glucose concentration. These results further support the theory that reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially superoxide, play a key role in mediation of endothelial dysfunction accompanying diabetes, probably through their effects on the ability of the endothelium to synthesize, release or respond to endogenous nitric oxide (NO) or NO donated by nitrovasodilators.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)221-232
Number of pages12
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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