Efficacy and safety of high dose fluvastatin in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia

E. Leitersdorf*, S. Eisenberg, O. Eliav, N. Berkman, E. J. Dann, D. Landsberger, E. Sehayek, V. Meiner, T. K. Peters, E. N. Muratti, J. M. Bard, J. C. Fruchart, Y. Stein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy and safety of the HMG CoA reductase inhibitor fluvastatin have been evaluated in a double blind study in 52 patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia. A standard AHA Phase II lipid lowering diet was prescribed throughout the study. After 6 weeks of a single blind dosage stabilisation period, in which patients received fluvastatin 40 mg qPM, patients were randomly allocated to one of two double blind treatment groups: group A (n=24) received fluvastatin 20 mg b. d. for 12 weeks and fluvastatin 20 mg AM + 40 mg PM for an additional 12 weeks; Group B (n=28) received fluvastatin 40 mg qPM during the entire study. Safety and tolerability were evaluated by the analysis of biochemical and haematological parameters, and ophthalmological and physical examinations. Efficacy was analysed by the determination of plasma lipids, lipoproteins and apoproteins. Fluvastatin 40 mg/d was associated with up to a 27.4% decrease in LDL-C and a 9.6% increase in HDL-C concentrations. Increasing the dose of fluvastatin from 20 mg b. d. to 60 mg per day in Group A was associated with a 7.1% decrease in LDL-C, a 12.1% increase of HDL-C and a 12.8% decrease in the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio. In comparison with Group B (40 mg qPM) LDL-C, HDL-C and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio in Group A (60 mg) differed by -8.9%, 6.6% and -12%, respectively. During treatment with 40 mg qPM, one patient developed an asymptomatic but notable elevation of CK to 1823 U/l (normal range 0-100 U/l) that was caused by strenuous exercise. No other notable biochemical or haematological abnormalities were recorded. It is concluded that in patients with heterozygous FH the increase of fluvastatin from 40 to 60 mg/d provided an additional significant effect on plasma LDL-C and HDL-C levels and in the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, without producing any deleterious effect.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)513-518
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fluvastatin
  • HMG CoA reductase
  • Hypercholesterolaemia
  • LDL receptor
  • atherosclerosis
  • hyperlipidaemia
  • molecular genetics

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