Efficiency analysis of diffractive lenses

Uriel Levy, David Mendlovic*, Emanuel Marom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multilevel diffractive optical elements are necessary for achieving high-efficiency performance. Here the diffraction efficiency of a multilevel phase-only diffractive lens is analyzed. Approximate, as well as more accurate, approaches are presented. Both plane-wave and Gaussian illumination are discussed. It is shown that for many practical cases the diffraction efficiency can be determined by only a single parameter that takes into account the spatial bandwidth product as well as the focal length of the lens and the illumination wavelength. The analysis is based on the scalar theory and the thin-element approximation. Justification for doing this is presented. The results are valid for lenses with at least F/5.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes

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