The exceptional fluorescence properties of single CdSe quantum rods (QRs) arising from internal and external electric fields are studied. Reversible external field induced switching of the emission in single QRs is reported for the first time. This effect was correlated with local field induced emission intensity reduction and newly observed darkening mechanism. Bimodal spectral jumps under a zero field were also observed and assigned to charged exciton emission, a phenomenon that was likewise directly controlled through an external field. These phenomena point to the use of single QRs as spectrally tunable charge sensitive fluorophores with polarized emission in fluorescence tagging and optical switching applications.