Electrically controlled absorption was observed in a slab waveguide, fabricated in a potassium lithium tantalate niobate substrate by proton implantation, at an energy of E = 1.15 MeV and a fluence of 6.1 × 10 16 ions / cm2. The implantation created an amorphous layer which acted as the cladding with an adjacent proton doped layer at its bottom. It is suggested that a n-i junction is formed at the interface between the proton layer and the substrate, which is the core of the waveguide. The electrically controlled absorption is attributed to changes in the width of the depletion area of the n-i junction induced by the applied field.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported in part by the Emilia Vigeveni Fund.
We acknowledge the support of the Eshkol Fellowships Foundation, Grant No. 3-6435, of the Israeli Ministry of Science.