We show that, with a system of electrically gated wide quantum wells embedded inside a simple dielectric waveguide structure, it is possible to excite, control, and observe waveguided exciton polaritons that carry an electric dipole moment. We demonstrate that the energy of the propagating dipolariton can be easily tuned using local electrical gates, that their excitation and extraction can be easily done using simple evaporated metal gratings, and that the dipolar interactions between polaritons and between polaritons and excitons can also be controlled by the applied electric fields. This system of gated flying dipolaritons thus exhibits the ability to locally control both the single polariton properties as well as the interactions between polaritons, which should open up opportunities for constructing complex polaritonic circuits and for studying strongly interacting, correlated polariton gases.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to acknowledge financial support from the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, from the German-Israeli Foundation (GIF Grant No. I-1277-303.10/2014), and from the Israeli Science Foundation (Grant No. 1319/12). The work at Princeton University was funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through the EPiQS initiative Grant GBMF4420, and by the National Science Foundation MRSEC Grant DMR-1420541.
© 2016 American Physical Society.