Electron-capture Isotopes Could Constrain Cosmic-Ray Propagation Models

David Benyamin, Nir J. Shaviv, Tsvi Piran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electron capture (EC) isotopes are known to provide constraints on the low-energy behavior of cosmic rays (CRs), such as reacceleration. Here, we study the EC isotopes within the framework of the dynamic spiral-arms CR propagation model in which most of the CR sources reside in the galactic spiral arms. The model was previously used to explain the B/C and sub-Fe/Fe ratios. We show that the known inconsistency between the 49Ti/49V and 51V/51Cr ratios remains also in the spiral-arms model. On the other hand, unlike the general wisdom that says the isotope ratios depend primarily on reacceleration, we find here that the ratio also depends on the halo size (Z h) and, in spiral-arms models, also on the time since the last spiral-arm passage (). Namely, EC isotopes can, in principle, provide interesting constraints on the diffusion geometry. However, with the present uncertainties in the lab measurements of both the electron attachment rate and the fragmentation cross sections, no meaningful constraint can be placed.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number109
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume851
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..

Keywords

  • Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics
  • cosmic rays
  • diffusion

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