Electronic, vibrational, and superconducting properties of CaBeSi: First-principles calculations

C. Bersier*, A. Floris, A. Sanna, G. Profeta, A. Continenza, E. K.U. Gross, S. Massidda

*Corresponding author for this work

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report first-principles calculations on the normal and superconducting state of CaBex Si2-x (x=1), in the framework of density-functional theory for superconductors. CaBeSi is isostructural and isoelectronic to MgB2 and this makes possible a direct comparison of the electronic and vibrational properties and the electron-phonon interaction of the two materials. Despite many similarities with MgB2 (e.g., σ and π bands at the Fermi level and an even larger density of states), according to our calculations CaBeSi has a very low critical temperature T c ≈ 0.4 K consistent with the experiment. CaBeSi exhibits a complex gap structure, with three gaps at the Fermi level: besides the σ and π gaps (present also in MgB2), the appearance of a third gap is related to the anisotropy of the Coulomb repulsion, acting in different ways on the bonding and antibonding electronic π states.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number104503
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume79
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

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