Three major subtypes of ionotropic receptors regulate glutamatergic synaptic transmission, one of which is α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors (AMPARs). They are tetrameric, cation-permeable ionotropic glutamate receptors found across the brain. Abnormalities in AMPA receptor trafficking and synaptic assembly are linked to cognitive decline and neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s. The present study will investigate the effects of four novel 2,3-benzodiazepine derivatives on AMPA receptor subunits by comparing their effects on synaptic responses, desensitization, and deactivation rate in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293T) recombinant AMPAR subunits using whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology. All four 2,3-BDZ compounds showed inhibitory activity against all the homomeric and heteromeric subunits tested. While the desensitization and deactivation rates in 2,3-BDZ-1 and 2,3-BDZ-2 decreased and increased, respectively, in the other two compounds (i.e., 2,3-BDZ-3 and 2,3-BDZ-4), there was no change in the desensitization or deactivation rates. These results contribute to a better understanding of AMPARs by identifying potential 2,3-BDZ drugs that demonstrate inhibitory effects on the AMPAR subunits.
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- AMPA receptor
- amino group