Electroretinography is a prognostic indicator for postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery

Allison Hoffman, Steve Sisler, Marie Pappania, Kimberly Hsu, Maya Ross, Ron Ofri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether pre-operative electroretinography (ERG) predicts postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery (RRS). Methods: This 18-month prospective study recorded signalment, duration, cause, and extent of retinal detachment and pre-operative vision status. Rod and mixed rod-cone ERG responses were recorded prior to RRS. Referring veterinary ophthalmologists assessed vision 2 months postoperatively. Results: Thirty dogs (40 affected eyes) aged 4 months to 12.1 years were included. The detachment extent was 150°–320° in 15 of 40 eyes, 360° in 24 of 40 eyes, and not recorded in one eye. Most dogs had a genetic predisposition for retinal detachment. Eight eyes of seven dogs had previous cataract surgery. Mean estimated duration of detachment prior to surgery was 24.5 ± 19.6 days. Pre-operatively, 34 of 40 eyes were blind, two of 40 eyes were sighted, and four of 40 eyes had severely diminished vision. Compared to normative ERG values in our clinics, pre-operative ERGs were classified as “normal” in five of 40 eyes, “attenuated” in seven of 40 eyes, and “flat” in 28 of 40 eyes. Following RRS, the retina was fully reattached in all operated eyes. Two-month postoperatively, 30 of 40 eyes had “normal” vision as defined by referring veterinary ophthalmologists, six of 40 eyes had “limited” or “diminished” vision and four of 40 eyes were blind. Normal vision was regained in 12 of 12 (100%) of eyes with normal or attenuated pre-operative ERG's, but only in 18 of 28 (64%) of eyes with flat pre-operative ERG ‘s (Linear-by-linear test, P = 0.029). Conclusions: A recordable pre-operative ERG, even if attenuated, is associated with return of vision in canine RRS patients, and is a favorable prognostic indicator.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)273-280
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Ophthalmology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists

Keywords

  • ERG
  • blindness
  • retina
  • retinal detachment
  • retinopexy
  • vitreoretinal surgery

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