We demonstrate the fabrication and characterization of an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) device based on self-assembled poly(4-vinyl-pyridine) (P4VPy) with poly(N-vinyl-carbazole) (PVK) and 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5-(4-tert-butyphenyl)-1,3,4-oxidiazole (PBD) as transport layers. The self-assembly is based on the electrostatic attraction of oppositely-charged polymers. We have shown here that we can use this self-assembled methodology to fabricate alternating multilayers, not only by the poly(phenyl-vinylene) (PPV) and derivatives, but also by partial protonation of P4VPy, by which the charge on P4VPy is generated by the protonation process. The multilayered structures are characterized by specular X-ray reflectivity (XRR), UV absorption, photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL).
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The authors would like to thank Professor M.E. Thompson for his helpful comments. The author, S. Yitzchaik, acknowledges financial support from the US–Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF#95000-85).