Elucidating the pleiotropic effects of sesame KANADI1 locus on leaf and capsule development

Naama Teboul, Asher Magder, Michael Zilberberg, Zvi Peleg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autonomous seed dispersal is a critical trait for wild plants in natural ecosystems; however, for domesticated crop-plants it can lead to significant yield losses. While seed shattering was a major selection target during the initial domestication of many crops, this trait is still targeted in breeding programs, especially in ‘orphan crops’ such as sesame, whose capsules dehisce upon ripening. Here we used a mapping population derived from a cross between wild-type (dehiscent) × indehiscent lines to test the hypothesis that the selection against indehiscent alleles in sesame is a consequence of complex genetic interactions associated with yield reduction. We identified a major pleiotropic locus, SiKANADI1, associated with abnormal hyponastic leaf and indehiscent capsule, and genetically dissected its underlying mechanism using a set of near-isogenic lines. Transcriptional, anatomical and physiological information shed light, for the first time, on the polar regulatory gene network in sesame. The pleiotropic effect of SiKANADI1 on leaf and capsule structure and its influence on photosynthetic capacity and final yield are thoroughly characterized. Overall, our results provide new insights on the genetic and morphological mechanisms regulating capsule indehiscence in sesame, and discuss their evolutionary consequences and potential for future sesame breeding.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)88-102
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Journal
Volume110
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Society for Experimental Biology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • abaxial and adaxial polarity
  • capsule dehiscence
  • lateral organs development
  • leaf morphology
  • photosynthetic efficiency
  • seed shattering
  • Ecosystem
  • Plant Breeding
  • Seeds/genetics
  • Plant Leaves/genetics
  • Sesamum/genetics

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