Embryonic signals mediate extracellular vesicle biogenesis and trafficking at the embryo–maternal interface

Maria M. Guzewska, Kamil Myszczynski, Yael Heifetz, Monika M. Kaczmarek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-coated nanoparticles secreted by almost all cell types in living organisms. EVs, as paracrine mediators, are involved in intercellular communication, immune response, and several reproductive events, including the maintenance of pregnancy. Using a domestic animal model (Sus scrofa) with an epitheliochorial, superficial type of placentation, we focused on EV biogenesis pathway at the embryo–maternal interface, when the embryonic signaling occurs for maternal recognition and the maintenance of pregnancy. Results: Transmission electron microscopy was used during early pregnancy to visualize EVs and apocrine and/or merocrine pathways of secretion. Immunofluorescent staining localized proteins responsible for EV biogenesis and cell polarization at the embryo–maternal interface. The expression profiles of genes involved in biogenesis and the secretion of EVs pointed to the possible modulation of endometrial expression by embryonic signals. Further in vitro studies showed that factors of embryonic origin can regulate the expression of the ESCRT-II complex and EV trafficking within endometrial luminal epithelial cells. Moreover, miRNA-mediated rapid negative regulation of gene expression was abolished by delivered embryonic signals. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrated that embryonic signals are potent modulators of ESCRT-dependent EV-mediated secretory activity of the endometrium during the critical stages of early pregnancy. [MediaObject not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageAmerican English
Article number210
JournalCell Communication and Signaling
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Embryo
  • Embryonic Signals
  • Endometrium
  • Estradiol
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Implantation
  • Pregnancy
  • Prostaglandins
  • microRNA

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