Emotion-congruent attentional biases: The perspective of hierarchical models of emotional disorders

Iftah Yovel*, Susan Mineka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Using the rationale of current hierarchical models of anxiety and depression, this study examined relationships between common and specific factors of these syndromes and emotion-congruent attentional biases. Participants (n = 72) performed an emotional Stroop task, in which anxiety- and depression-related as well as neutral non-valenced words were presented both supra- and subliminally. The anxiety-related general distress scale, but not specific anxiety scales, correlated significantly with the anxiety-related subliminal bias. A partial correlational analysis showed that this relationship was independent of scores on depression-related scales. In agreement with most previous findings, no depression-related attentional biases were found. As expected for sub-clinical populations none of the scales was associated with any supraliminal attentional bias.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)785-795
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive processes
  • Models
  • Selective attention


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