Emotion Goals: What Do Sexual Offenders Want to Feel?

Carlo Garofalo*, Belén López-Pérez, Michaela Gummerum, Yaniv Hanoch, Maya Tamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Sexual offenders typically experience more negative emotions and greater difficulties in regulating emotions than non-offenders. However, limited data exist on what sexual offenders want to feel (i.e., their emotion goals). Notably, emotion goals play a key role in emotion regulation and contribute to emotional experience. The present study tested whether sexual offenders (N = 31) reported higher scores for negative emotion goals and lower scores for positive emotion goals, compared with general offenders (N = 26) and non-offenders (N = 26). In addition, we tested whether sexual offenders differed from the other two groups in their perceived pleasantness and perceived utility of emotions. Sexual offenders reported greater scores for the emotion goal of sadness, and lower scores for the emotion goal of excitement, compared with both general offenders and non-offenders. State and trait levels of these emotions could not fully account for these differences. Furthermore, sexual offenders reported lower perceived pleasantness for sadness than general offenders and lower perceived pleasantness for excitement compared with both other groups. Finally, sexual offenders reported greater perceived utility of sadness than non-offenders. These novel findings and their implications for research and interventions are discussed in the context of sexual offenders’ emotional dysfunction.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2611-2629
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number15-16
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: B.L.P. was supported by funding from the British Council Researchers Travel Link 2017-RLTG8-10508 to work on this manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • emotion goals
  • emotion regulation
  • excitement
  • general offenders
  • sadness
  • sex offenders


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