This study focused on examining the persistent aspects of career decision-making difficulties, using the Emotional and Personality-related Career decision-making Difficulties scale (EPCD; [Saka, N., Gati, I., & Kelly, K.R. (in press). Emotional and personality-related aspects of career decision-making difficulties. Journal of Career Assessment]). The contribution of four personality measures-general indecisiveness, self-esteem, trait anxiety, and identity status-to the prediction of persistent career decision-making difficulties was tested on 747 students, using a longitudinal design. Results indicated that individuals with high EPCD scores at the beginning of the academic school year had less confidence in their choice and were less close to making a decision about the major into which they wanted to be admitted at the end of the year. The moderate correlations between the EPCD score and the four personality measures supported the validity of the EPCD. Implications for counseling and future research are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation. We thank Ruth Butler, Chani Etengoff, Reuma Gadassi, Naomi Goldblum, Valentina Izrailevitch, Kevin R. Kelly, Tali Kleiman, Lilach Sagiv, Shiri Tal, and Moshe Tatar for their comments on an earlier version of this article.
- Career decision making
- Career decision-making difficulties
- Career indecision
- Career indecisiveness
- Emotional and personality-related career difficulties scale