Emotional Regulation

Min Y. Kim*, Yochanan Bigman, Maya Tamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Emotion regulation involves attempts to change the experience and expression of emotions. People engage in such attempts to satisfy either hedonic motives (i.e., to feel good in the moment) or instrumental motives (i.e., to effectively achieve their goals). To change their emotions, people can engage in a variety of strategies. While some strategies (e.g., cognitive reappraisal) have been found to be relatively effective, others (e.g., expressive suppression) have proven less effective. The quality and efficacy of emotion regulation depends, in part, on the mental resources people have at their disposal, on their beliefs about the ability to change emotions, and on their knowledge and understanding of emotions. The process of emotion regulation, in turn, carries important implications for subsequent emotional experiences, for cognition and decision-making, for social interactions, for mental and physical health, and for well-being.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
EditorsNeil J. Smelser, Paul B. Baltes.
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - 26 Mar 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Coping
  • Decision-making
  • Emotion
  • Emotion regulation
  • Emotion regulation strategies
  • Mental health
  • Physical health
  • Reappraisal
  • Social interaction
  • Suppression
  • Well-being


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