Encoding-related brain activity dissociates between the recollective processes underlying successful recall and recognition: A subsequent-memory study

Talya Sadeh, Anat Maril, Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The subsequent-memory (SM) paradigm uncovers brain mechanisms that are associated with mnemonic activity during encoding by measuring participants' neural activity during encoding and classifying the encoding trials according to performance in the subsequent retrieval phase. The majority of these studies have converged on the notion that the mechanism supporting recognition is mediated by familiarity and recollection. The process of recollection is often assumed to be a recall-like process, implying that the active search for the memory trace is similar, if not identical, for recall and recognition. Here we challenge this assumption and hypothesize - based on previous findings obtained in our lab - that the recollective processes underlying recall and recognition might show dissociative patterns of encoding-related brain activity. To this end, our design controlled for familiarity, thereby focusing on contextual, recollective processes. We found evidence for dissociative neurocognitive encoding mechanisms supporting subsequent-recall and subsequent-recognition. Specifically, the contrast of subsequent-recognition versus subsequent-recall revealed activation in the Parahippocampal cortex (PHc) and the posterior hippocampus-regions associated with contextual processing. Implications of our findings and their relation to current cognitive models of recollection are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2317-2324
Number of pages8
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Portions of this article are part of a doctoral dissertation submitted at Tel-Aviv University. This research was supported by The Israel Foundations Trustees (in part; Doctoral Grant No. 29 to T.S.); the Adams Super Center for Brain Studies in Tel-Aviv University (in part, to Y.G.G.); The Israel Science Foundation (in part; grant No. 1418/06 to A.M.); the European Community under the Marie Curie International Reintegration Grant (in part; MIRG-CT-2007-046457 to A.M.); The National Institute for Psychobiology in Israel – Founded by The Charles E. Smith Family (in part, to A.M); T.S. was supported in part by The Levy Edersheim Gitter Institute for Neuroimaging.


  • Inferior prefrontal cortex (iPFC)
  • Parahippocampal cortex (PHc)
  • Posterior hippocampus
  • Recall
  • Recognition
  • Recollection
  • Subsequent-memory (SM) paradigm


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