Lymphoblastoid cell lines from fragile X patients and amniotic cells from fragile X embryos, when cultured with methotrexate (MTX) or fluorodeoxyuridine (FUdR), showed a significant increase in endoreduplication and polyploidy. This phenomenon was not observed in fragile X lymphocytes or in lymphoblastoid cell lines and amniotic cells of normal control individuals. The relationship between the inducible fragile site at Xq27.3 and the inducible endoreduplication is discussed. The induction of endoreduplication and polyploidy in fragile X lymphoblasts and amniocytes is evaluated as a possible diagnostic test.
- endoreduplication polyploidy
- fragile Xq27.3