Energy bands in graphene: Comparison between the tight-binding model and ab initio calculations

E. Kogan*, V. U. Nazarov, V. M. Silkin, M. Kaveh

*Corresponding author for this work

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36 Scopus citations


We compare the classification of the electron bands in graphene, obtained by group theory algebra in the framework of a tight-binding model (TBM), with that calculated in a density-functional-theory (DFT) framework. Identification in the DFT band structure of all eight energy bands (four valence and four conduction bands) corresponding to the TBM-derived energy bands is performed and the corresponding analysis is presented. The four occupied (three σ-like and one π-like) and three unoccupied (two σ-like and one π-like) bands given by the DFT closely correspond to those predicted by the TBM, both by their symmetry and their dispersion law. However, the two lowest lying at the Γ-point unoccupied bands (one of them of a σ-like type and the other of a π-like one), are not of the TBM type. According to both their symmetry and the electron density these bands are plane waves orthogonal to the TBM valence bands; dispersion of these states can be determined unambiguously up to the Brillouin zone borders. On the other hand, the fourth unoccupied band given by the TBM can be identified among those given by the DFT band calculations; it is situated rather high with respect to energy. The interaction of this band with the free-electron states is so strong that it exists only in part of the k space.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number165430
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number16
StatePublished - 29 Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


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