Energy Flux and Particle Flux in Steady-state Solutions of Nuclear Star Clusters

Barak Rom*, Itai Linial, Re’em Sari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examine the effects of two-body interactions in a nuclear star cluster surrounding a supermassive black hole. We evaluate the energy flux, analogously to the particle flux calculation of Bahcall and Wolf. We show that there are two types of power-law steady-state solutions: one with zero energy flux and constant particle flux and the other with constant energy flux and zero particle flux. We therefore prove that a zero particle flux solution, which corresponds to the case of an accreting supermassive black hole, can be obtained by requiring a constant energy flux. Consequently, this solution can be derived by simple dimensional analysis, bypassing the need for detailed calculation.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume951
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

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