Enhanced light-vapor interactions and all optical switching in a chip scale micro-ring resonator coupled with atomic vapor

Liron Stern, Roy Zektzer, Noa Mazurski, Uriel Levy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coupling of atomic and photonic resonances serves as an important tool for enhancing light-matter interactions and enables the observation of multitude of fascinating and fundamental phenomena. Here, by exploiting the platform of atomic-cladding wave guides, the resonant coupling of rubidium vapor and an atomic cladding micro ring resonator is experimentally demonstrated. Specifically, cavity-atom coupling in the form of Fano resonances having a distinct dependency on the relative frequency detuning between the photonic and the atomic resonances is observed. Moreover, significant enhancement of the efficiency of all optical switching in the V-type pump-probe scheme is demonstrated. The coupled system of micro-ring resonator and atomic vapor is a promising building block for a variety of light vapor experiments, as it offers a very small footprint, high degree of integration and extremely strong confinement of light and vapor. As such it may be used for important applications, such as all optical switching, dispersion engineering (e.g. slow and fast light) and metrology, as well as for the observation of important effects such as strong coupling, and Purcell enhancement. (Figure presented.).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1016-1022
Number of pages7
JournalLaser and Photonics Reviews
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • Nanophotonics
  • all optical switching
  • atomic physics
  • non-linear light matter interactions
  • optical micro-resonators

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