We report on the fabrication of composite photonic crystals (PCs) of macroporous silicon and PbS thin films and about their passive and active optical properties. We have measured a redshift in the composite PC photonic stopbands relative to those of the PC substrate. In addition, we have measured a high extraction efficiency of the photoluminescence from the embedded PbS films due to band-edge singularities and slow-light modes of a defect-free two-dimensional composite PC. The peak extraction efficiency has been found to be six times larger than that of planar unpatterned PbS films.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially funded by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF), Grant No. 1298/07.