Entangled Jewish identities in Rome. The case of "barbarians" in Philo and Josephus

Maren R. Niehoff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This article unveils the presence of Rome in Philo's and Josephus's construction of Jewish identity as "barbarian" and shows how they locate the Jewish people on the Roman side of a cultural divide between Rome and Greece. Special attention is paid to the comparisons drawn by the two Jewish authors between the Jews and the Indians, two nations devoted, in their view, to practical ethics, endurance and free speech.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationWhat Makes a People?
Subtitle of host publicationEarly Jewish Ideas of Peoplehood and Their Evolving Impact
Publisherde Gruyter
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783111337807
ISBN (Print)9783111334851
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.


  • Barbarian identity
  • Greek culture
  • Indians
  • Josephus
  • Philo
  • Rome


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