Entrainment to sleep spindles reflects dissociable patterns of connectivity between cortex and basal ganglia

Aviv D. Mizrahi-Kliger*, Alexander Kaplan, Zvi Israel, Hagai Bergman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Sleep spindles are crucial for learning in the cortex and basal ganglia (BG) because they facilitate the reactivation of previously active neuronal ensembles. Studying field potentials (FPs) and spiking in the cortex and BG during sleep in non-human primates following pre-sleep learning, we show that FP sleep spindles are widespread in the BG and are similar to cortical spindles in morphology, spectral content, and response to the pre-sleep task. Further, BG spindles are concordant with electroencephalogram (EEG) spindles and associated with increased cortico-BG correlation. However, spindles across the BG differ markedly in their entrainment of local spiking. The spiking activity of striatal projection neurons exhibits consistent phase locking to striatal and EEG spindles, producing phase windows of peaked cross-region spindling. In contrast, firing in other BG nuclei is not entrained to either local or EEG sleep spindles. These results suggest corticostriatal synapses as the main hub for offline cortico-BG communication.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number111367
JournalCell Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

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  • CP: Neuroscience
  • basal ganglia
  • corticostriatal network
  • learning and memory
  • sleep
  • sleep spindles


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