ERK1c regulates Golgi fragmentation during mitosis

Yoav D. Shaul, Rony Seger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1c (ERK1c) is an alternatively spliced form of ERK1 that is regulated differently than other ERK isoforms. We studied studied the Golgi functions of ERK1c and found that it plays a role in MEK-induced mitotic Golgi fragmentation. Thus, in late G2 and mitosis of synchronized cells, the expression and activity of ERK1c was increased and it colocalized mainly with Golgi markers. Small interfering RNA of ERK1c significantly attenuated, whereas ERK1c overexpression facilitated, mitotic Golgi fragmentation. These effects were also reflected in mitotic progression, indicating that ERK1c is involved in cell cycle regulation via modulation of Golgi fragmentation. Although ERK1 was activated in mitosis as well, it could not replace ERK1c in regulating Golgi fragmentation. Therefore, MEKs regulate mitosis via all three ERK isoforms, where ERK1c acts specifically in the Golgi, whereas ERK1 and 2 regulate other mitosis-related processes. Thus, ERK1c extends the specificity of the Ras-MEK cascade by activating ERK1/2-independent processes.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)885-897
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume172
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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