Ethos of conflict: The concept and its measurement

Daniel Bar-Tal*, Keren Sharvit, Eran Halperin, Anat Zafran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations


The main objective of the current research is to construct a scale that measures individual differences in adherence to the ethos of conflict (EOC). The development of such a scale is of importance because EOC is seen as a determinative concept in describing the worldview of society members involved in intractable conflict. The first study shows that the 8 themes of EOC load on a single factor, reflecting a holistic and coherent view of the conflict situation. The second study indicates that the EOC constitutes an independent construct. The third study shows that EOC partially mediates between general conservative orientations and judgments of specific solutions proposed to end the conflict. Altogether, the new scale can serve scholars who study sociopsychological mechanisms and dynamics involved in various intractable conflicts around the world.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)40-61
Number of pages22
JournalPeace and Conflict
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Culture of conflict
  • Ethos of conflict
  • Ideology
  • Intractable conflict


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